If you have been following our work you know we take an in depth approach to supporting our clients. A moving yet inspiring article written by Vincent Deary reminded us of Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs when he stated:
There is much more to treating CFS than graded activity and sleep management
Unless we begin with the basics of comfortable and restful shelter, we cannot proceed to fulfil our more lofty desires
The second quote inspired us to write this article, based around Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. This is covered excellently in an article in Simple Psychology, found here.
Instead of focusing on psychopathology and what goes wrong with people, Maslow formulated a more positive account of human behavior which focused on what goes right. He was interested in human potential, and how we fulfill that potential.
He stated that human motivation is based on people seeking fulfillment and change through personal growth. Self-actualised people are those who were fulfilled and doing all they were capable of.
Maslow believed that a person is always ‘becoming’ and never remains static in these terms. In self-actualisation a person comes to find a meaning to life that is important to them.
Maslow’s Hierarachy of Needs has evolved in to eight stages:
- Biological and Physiological needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.
- Safety needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, etc.
- Love and belongingness needs – friendship, intimacy, affection and love, – from work group, family, friends, romantic relationships.
- Esteem needs – self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc.
- Cognitive needs – knowledge, meaning, etc.
- Aesthetic needs – appreciation and search for beauty, balance, form, etc.
- Self-Actualization needs – realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.
- Transcendence needs – helping others to achieve self actualization.
The general principle being that we must satisfy lower level basic needs before progressing on to meet higher level growth needs. Once these needs have been reasonably satisfied, one may be able to reach the highest level called self-actualization.
Maslow described self-actualisation as:
It refers to the person’s desire for self-fulfillment, namely, to the tendency for him to become actualized in what he is potentially. The specific form that these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person. In one individual it may take the form of the desire to be an ideal mother, in another it may be expressed athletically, and in still another it may be expressed in painting pictures or in inventions
At Conquering Fatigue Syndrome we essentially take this approach – ensuring we work on our fundamental needs, and in fact consider them as key aspects of optimising our health, before progressing forward.